ACTS 4:1-20 King James Version
Peter and James in the Temple with the Healed Man, Lame from Birth
Acts 4:1 And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,
Acts 4:2 Being grieved that they taught the people, and preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead.
Acts 4:3 And they laid hands on them, and put them in hold unto the next day: for it was now eventide.
Acts 4:4 Howbeit many of them which heard the word believed; and the number of the men was about five thousand.
Acts 4:5 And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes,
Acts 4:6 And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem.
Acts 4:7 And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?
Acts 4:8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel,
Acts 4:9 If we this day be examined of the good deed done to the impotent man, by what means he is made whole;
Acts 4:10 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
Acts 4:11 This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.
Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
Acts 4:13 Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.
Acts 4:14 And beholding the man which was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it.
Acts 4:15 But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council, they conferred among themselves,
Acts 4:16 Saying, What shall we do to these men? for that indeed a notable miracle hath been done by them is manifest to all them that dwell in Jerusalem; and we cannot deny it.
Acts 4:17 But that it spread no further among the people, let us straitly threaten them, that they speak henceforth to no man in this name.
Acts 4:18 And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus.
Acts 4:19 But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye.
Acts 4:20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.
Peter and John are standing in the Temple in Jerusalem with the man who was lame from birth, but who is now healed. Suddenly there come upon them a gang of Levitical Priests, the Jewish Temple Captain of Guards or Police, and a group of Sadducees (the ruling class of Jews who denied both spirit and resurrection).
In vs 2 we see that they saw Peter and John proclaiming the Old Testament's New Testament meaning. It says that they were "GRIEVED" at two things! Number One; they were mad that these uncommissioned men were teaching the people as if they possessed some sort of rabbinical teaching authority. So first then; they were actually most concerned that they were teaching at all...regardless of the content or the doctrine which they spoke.
Number two, they were also angry that they preached Jesus (crucified and risen just weeks earlier) and connected Him in their preaching with the popular doctrine of RESURRECTION of the DEAD, stating that in the person of Jesus the Resurrection has ALREADY BEGUN, in that Jesus is RISEN from the dead.They loudly proclaimed that "whereof we are WITNESSES" (Acts 3:15) of Jesus's Resurrection.
So in vs 3 the priests had the temple police captain and his crowd detain the apostles and they "laid hands on them" (vs 3)
But it was too late! About five thousand conversions to Jesus had already taken place due to Peter's Preaching and the witness of the healed lame man. Now the high Priest intended evil for Peter and John, but God often lets (seemingly) bad things happen to good people so that good things may come out of it!
But these Holy Apostles were able to use this short scolding as a platform to do even more preaching. He annonces that this is truly a miraculous deed ( the healing of the man lame from birth) and that it was done specifically "by the Name of Jesus CHrist Christ of Nazareth whom ye crucified, when God raised from the dead." He announces that this does not just pertain to the PERSON of Christ, but specifically "by the NAME" the Name of Jesus. THis Name is the all-powerful Name. At the sound of this Name...demons flee! At the sound of this Name, sins are remitted, Glory to God!!!